Trade and Environment at the World Trade Organization: State of Play and Entry Points

Christophe Bellmann, Carolyn Deere Birkbeck, Marianne Kettunen, and Mahesh Sugathan


The interface between trade and environmental policies is one of the critical challenges in global economic governance and has been a subject of debate for the last 50 years. The multilateral trading system offers a range of entry points for governments to address the intersection of trade, environment, and sustainable development. By providing a space for multilateral cooperation, the World Trade Organization (WTO) is an important venue for deliberations and action in support of sustainable trade among a broad diversity of members, including developing countries.

This policy brief provides an update on the trade and environment interface from a WTO governance perspective. It presents an overview of the different institutional fora, functions, and processes where this interface is or can be addressed.

Access the TESS policy brief